chickpea flour

How To Make Chickpea Flour

Learn how to make homemade chickpea flour with our easy-to-follow guide. Discover three methods, from blender to grain mill, to create a nutritious and gluten-free base for a variety of delicious recipes.

Chickpea Flour, Garbanzo Flour, Gram Flour, Or Besan

What is Chickpea Flour?

Chickpea flour is what you get when you pulverize chickpeas. It is also known as garbanzo flour, gram flour, or besan (I will use all these names interchangeably in this post). Besan is used in many recipes in Indian cuisine (for delicious goodies like fritters, pancakes, and flatbreads). Garbanzo flour is also used in a variety of other global and healthy recipes.

Chickpea flour has many nutritional benefits. It is much lower in calories compared to wheat AP flour. Also, compared to wheat flour, garbanzo flour is higher in protein and fiber. Critically, it does not contain gluten.

There are many healthy and delicious ways to use besan flour. Some of my favorites are chickpea pasta, bread, crackers, or pancakes. I provide some simple delicious recipes in this post.

Making Chickpea Flour

In this article, we cover how to make garbanzo flour at home. It is surprisingly easy and budget friendly. Once you make your chickpea flour, you are ready to make a world of nutritious chickpea recipes.

You can always purchase chickpea flour already milled at the grocery store. However millling it yourself provides three major benefits:

1.) It’s healthier – once the chickpeas are milled, the flour begins to lose nutritional value. By millling at home, you can mill close to the time you are going to use it, and therefore maximize nutritional value. Also, you are able to control the storage conditions as soon as you mill the flour.

2.) It tastes better – for the same reasons above – chickpea flavor tastes best when used close to the time it was milled. Once it is pulverized, it begins to lose its potency to the air.

3.) It is cheaper – all you need is dried chickpeas, which are cheap (assuming you already have the necessary equipment, i.e. high power blender and/or mill and fine mesh sieve).

How to Make Chickpea Flour

Making chickpea flour at home is more nutritious and flavorful than buying it at the store. It is also cheaper. To make garbanzo bean flour, you will need either a home mill (Nutrimill) and/or a high power blender (like a Vitamix), and a fine mesh sieve. The only food ingredient you need are dried garbanzo beans.

how to make chickpea flour
Chickpea Flour Setup

Three Ways to Make Chickpea Flour

I will go over three ways to make gram flour that are very similar. You can use

  1. Only a high power blender
  2. Only a food mill
  3. Combination of blender/food mill

Choose the method that works best for you depending on your resources. I prefer the last method of combining the blender and mill (for reasons I will explain shortly). However, all methods will produce perfectly good garbanzo flour.

Method 1 – How to Make Chickpea Flour – Blender Only

Put the chickpeas in the high power blender. One 1 lb bag is a good amount. If it’s much more than that, it is better to work in batches. You will need to add a sufficient amount of chickpeas to cover the bottom of the blender.

Turn on the blender and be prepared for the extremely loud noise of the chickpeas knocking around. This loud noise will soon go away once the chickpeas have begun to disintegrate. Blend at high speed until the chickpeas have begun to turn into powder. Don’t run the blender too long however (say more than 30 seconds at a time), because the chickpeas will heat up and start to cook.

Place the sieve over a bowl and dump the the contents into the sieve. Sift the blended chickpeas through the sieve. Whatever is left in the sieve, return to blender and repeat the process.

Stop repeating when only the chickpea skins remains in the sieve (you can see from the appearance). What has passed through the sieve into the bowl is your finished garbanzo bean flour.

Method 2 – How to Make Chickpea Flour – Grain Mill Only

The method for making garbanzo flour with the grain mill is easy. Turn on the grain mill and pour the garbanzo beans in the hopper. This method works well. The grain mill will not get the flour as hot as with the blender. However, the Nutrimill grain mill should not run for more than 10 minutes at a time.

The issue with this method is it is slow. It takes a lot of time for the whole chickpeas to pass through the mill (probably around 15 minutes per batch). If you want to mill more than a pound, you will have to wait for the mill to cool down between batches. You could be spending up to an hour to mill if you factor in cooling time. This problem is remedied with the next method for making garbanzo bean flour.

Once the garbanzo beans have passed through the stone mill, the gram flour still needs to be sifted through a fine mesh sieve to remove the skins. After sifting, your chickpea flour is ready to go.

Method 3 – Making Garbanzo Flour – Combo Blender/Grain Mill Method

This last method for making garbanzo bean flour is the one that I prefer because it combines the benefits of using the blender and the stone grain mill. First, put the chickpeas into the blender and blend until the chickpeas are small pieces. This is fast, so you don’t have to worry about raising the temperature of the besan flour too high.

Now pour these roughly blended chickpeas into the hopper of the grain mill. Milling these roughly blended chickpeas will be substantially faster than milling whole chickpeas, so it will save you a lot of time.

Now proceed as with method 2. After milling the chickpeas, pass through a fine mesh sieve to remove the chickpea skins.

Is Chickpea Flour Gluten Free?

Chickpeas are gluten free. Therefore chickpea flour is gluten free.

Chickpea Flour Recipes

Below are some recipes using gram flour:

chickpea flour
Finished Chickpea Flour

Chickpea Flour Bread & Chickpea Flour Pasta

Chickpea Flour Substitute

A chickpea flour substitute is difficult because no other flour has the same taste. However, some other similar gluten free flours that could act as a gram flour replacement are:

  1. Lentil flour
  2. Rice flour
  3. Quinoa flour
  4. Cassava flour
  5. Millet flour

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chickpea flour

How to Make Chickpea Flour

Prep Time 30 minutes
Total Time 30 minutes
Course Bread, Breakfast, Dessert, Dinner, Side Dish, Vegetable
Cuisine American, French, Indian, Italian, Italian American
Servings 4 people

Equipment

  • 1 High speed blender I use a Vitamix
  • 1 Stone grain mill I use a Nutrimill
  • 1 Fine mesh sieve
  • 2 Mixing bowls

Ingredients
  

  • 1 lb dry chickpeas

Instructions
 

Method 1 – Blender Only

  • Put chickpeas in high power blender and turn on (be prepared for the extremely loud noise of the chickpeas knocking around). This loud noise will soon go away once the chickpeas have begun to disintegrate. Blend at high speed until the chickpeas have begun to turn into powder. Don't run the blender too long however (say more than 30 seconds at a time), because the chickpeas will heat up and start to cook.
    garbanzo beans blender
  • Place the sieve over a bowl and dump the the contents into sieve. Sift the blended chickpeas through the sieve. Whatever is left in the sieve, return to blender and repeat the process
    how to make garbanzo bean flour
  • Stop repeating when only the chickpea skins remains in the sieve (you can see from the appearance). Discard skins.

Method 2 – Grain Mill Only

  • Turn on the grain mill and pour the garbanzo beans in the hopper. This method works well. The grain mill will not get the flour as hot as with the blender.
    grinding chickpeas
  • The issue with this method is it is slow. It takes awhile for the whole chickpeas to pass through the mill. This problem is remedied with the next method for making garbanzo bean flour.
  • Once the garbanzo beans have passed through the stone mill, the gram flour still needs to be sifted through a fine mesh sieve to remove the skins. After sifting, your chickpea flour is ready to go
    sifting chickpeas

Method 3 – Combo Blender/Grain Mill

  • This last method for making garbanzo bean flour is the one that I prefer because it combines the benefits of using the blender and the stone grain mill. First, put the chickpeas into the blender and blend until the chickpeas are small pieces. This is fast, so you don't have to worry about raising the temperature of the chickpea flour too high.
    garbanzo flour in blender
  • Now pour these roughly blended chickpeas into the hopper of the grain mill. Milling these roughly blended chickpeas will be substantially faster than milling whole chickpeas, so it will save you a lot of time.
    making garbanzo flour
  • Now proceed as with method 2. After milling the chickpeas, pass through a fine mesh sieve.
    garbanzo bean flour
Keyword baking, besan, bread, chickpea flour, garbanzo bean flour, garbanzo flour, gluten free, gram flour, homemade flour, legume flour, vegan, vegetarian

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